The components of Data center

A data center is a work focused on the IT operations, equipment of an organization, and the place to store, manage and distribute data of that organization.

Data centers contain the most important systems of the network and play a very important role in the continuity of daily operations. Therefore, the security and reliability of it and information are the top priorities of an organization. Although data center designs to be unique, they can often be classified into either internet-facing or enterprise. As for a system integrator, it will consist of two main components:

– Infrastructure: Server, Storage, Networking …

– NCPI (network-critical physical infra): Power, Cooling, Floor, Cable, Racks and Physical Structure, Fire and Security, Management, Service.

It is a place where many high-density components (hardware, software, etc) be stored. It stores and processes all system data with readiness and stability, high concentration.

Regardless of the classification, a data center will operate efficiently when appropriate investments are made in infrastructure and equipment. The components of a specific data center are as follows:


Including location and white space, white space means that space is usable, available for IT equipment. Providing all day 24/24 (round-the-clock access) enables data centers to be one of the most energy-efficient in the world. Therefore, optimizing white space and controlling the environment effectively to keep the equipment within the temperature and humidity range to be prescribed by the manufacturer is paramount.

Support infrastructure

These are the devices that contribute to maintaining the highest level of availability possible. The Uptime Institute has identified four available tiers data centers ranging from 99.671% to 99.995%. Some infrastructure support components include:

– UPS, Uninterruptible Power Sources: energy banks, generators and backup power.

– Environmental Control (CRAC), heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), and exhaust systems.

– Physical Security Systems: Biometric and video surveillance systems.

IT equipment

IT devices: These are the devices used for IT operations and data storage of the organization. These include servers, storage hardware, cables and racks, as well as a variety of information security elements, such as firewalls.


Operation of staffs is responsible for supervising the operation and maintenance of IT equipment and infrastructure throughout the day.


When a connected device or application fails, it will result in the failure of other important operations. Sometimes, a system failure will lead to system failure of other applications or systems related to data or service failure. A defective application will lead to a defective process. Application monitoring to ensure maximum uptime of 24/7 depends on the workflow of each business.

Data center has exploded in recent years, applying technologies such as virtualization to optimize resource utilization and increase IT agility. As enterprise IT needs continue to evolve toward on-demand services, many organizations are moving towards cloud-based services and infrastructure. There are a number of initiatives to reduce the huge energy consumption of data centers by combining technologies and management in data center management. Data centers built on these standards are called “green data centers”.

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